Add SAN functions to Highly Available NFS/NAS

This based on my last post where I documented building a Highly Available NFS/NAS server.

There is not a huge amount that needs to be done in order to add iSCSI functionality as well.

Add a file called /etc/drbd/iscsi.res containing:

resource iscsi {
    on nfs1 {
        device /dev/drbd1;
        disk   /dev/vdc;
        meta-disk internal;
    on nfs2 {
        device /dev/drbd1;
        disk   /dev/vdc;
        meta-disk internal;

This differs from the previous resource in 2 ways. Obviously it using a different physical disk. Also the port number of the address is incremented; each resource has to have its own port to communicate on.

Configure Heartbeat

Add a new resource to /etc/ha.d/haresources:

iscsi1.snellwilcox.local IPaddr:: drbddisk::iscsi tgtd

Same primary host, new IP address, new drbd resource and of course the service to be controlled (tgtd in this case).

I also made a couple of changes to /etc/ha.d/

keepalive 500ms
deadtime 5
warntime 10
initdead 120

This changes the regularity of the heartbeat packets from every 2 seconds to 2 every second. We also say that a node is dead after only 5 seconds rather than after 30.

Configure an iSCSI Target

Tgtd has a config file that you can use in /etc/tgt/targets.conf. It is an XML file, so add entry like:

        # provided devicce as a iSCSI target
        backing-store /dev/vg_matthew/lv_iscsi1
        # iSCSI Initiator's IP address you allow to connect
        # authentication info ( set anyone you like for "username", "password" )

The target name is by convention iqn.year-month.reverse-domainname:hostname.targetname. Each backing store will be a seperate LUN. A discussion of this is out of the scope of this article.

By default, this config file is disabled. Enable it by un-commenting the line #TGTD_CONFIG=/etc/tgt/targets.conf in /etc/sysconfig/tgtd. You can now enable the target with service tgtd reload.

Now when you run tgtadm –mode target –op show you should get something like:

Target 1:
    System information:
        Driver: iscsi
        State: ready
    I_T nexus information:
    LUN information:
        LUN: 0
            Type: controller
            SCSI ID: IET     00010000
            SCSI SN: beaf10
            Size: 0 MB, Block size: 1
            Online: Yes
            Removable media: No
            Readonly: No
            Backing store type: null
            Backing store path: None
            Backing store flags:
        LUN: 1
            Type: disk
            SCSI ID: IET     00010001
            SCSI SN: beaf11
            Size: 8590 MB, Block size: 512
            Online: Yes
            Removable media: No
            Readonly: No
            Backing store type: rdwr
            Backing store path: /dev/drbd/by-res/iscsi
            Backing store flags:
    Account information:
    ACL information:

Connect An Initiator

Install the iscsi utils:

yum install iscsi-initiator-utils
chkconfig iscsi on
chkconfig iscsid on

Discover the targets on the host and login to the target.

iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p
iscsiadm -m node --login

If you run cat /proc/partitions you will see an new partition has appeared. You can do whatever you want with it.